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美国中学生数学建模竞赛(中文翻译)

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 发布时间: 2016-05-21 11:53:47  点击:617次

HiMCM®

高中数学建模比赛
Contest Registration and Instructions

比赛规则、注册方式和参赛指南

PLEASE NOTE THE CHANGES TO THE HiMCM RULES WHICH ARE HIGHLIGHTED IN RED BELOW

请重点注意下文红色字体部分,其为比赛规则变动部分

Registration Fee

报名费
*Please register only the teams that will take part in the contest.
Registration fees are not refundable.*

请只注册参加比赛的队,报名费交后不能退还。

The first step in the registration process is payment of the $75 registration fee per team. We accept payment via Mastercard or Visa, and payment must be made via our secure web site. We regret that we are not able to accept other forms of payment.

注册过程的第一步是支付每个队75美元的注册费。我们仅仅通过Mastercard或者 Visa收取注册费,费用的收取必须通过我们的安全网络进行。非常遗憾,我们不能接受其他的支付方式。

To participate in HiMCM a team must be sponsored by a faculty advisor from that school. The registration process must be completed by the advisor.

为了参加HiMCM比赛,一个队伍必须有一个来自相同学校的指导老师,注册过程必须由指导老师完成。

There are several procedures that a team's advisor must go through at various times before, during, and after the contest. Please read these instructions carefully and be sure to complete all the steps involved. It is the advisor's responsibility to make sure that teams are correctly registered and that all steps required for participation in HiMCM are completed.

在赛前、赛中、赛后都有一些流程需要指导老师完成。请仔细阅读这些参赛帮助,确保完成所有的步骤。指导老师有责任确保参赛队伍正确完成注册,确保需要完成的流程都被完成。

Note that COMAP is in the USA Eastern time zone: all times given in these instructions are in terms of Eastern Standard Time (EST) except where local time is noted.

声明:COMAP位于美国的东部地区,所有在文中提到的时间都指的是美国东部时间(EST),除非注明了是本地时间。

NEW for 2016 HiMCM is now an all electronic submission!
You are no longer required to mail a print copy of your Solution Paper. 
You are no longer required to mail a print copy of your Contest Forms.

关于2016HiMCM都需要电子版提交

你不在需要邮寄问题解决方案打印的副本资料

你不在需要邮寄比赛的控制页打印的副本

Contest Rules

比赛规则

1.     A team may consist of up to four secondary or below students enrolled in the same school.

一个参赛队伍可以由四名同一所高中及其以下的在校同学组成

2.     You must obtain and use your control number and password to participate in the 19th annual HiMCM. Advisors must log on to the specified web site at the beginning of their thirty-six hour contest period (not before 3:01 p.m. on Friday, November 4, 2016) to receive the contest problems.

你必须拥有并学会使用控制号和密码为了参加第19HiMCM。指导老师必须登录特定的网站在比赛进行的36个小时期间(不早于2016114号下午301分)来获取竞赛试题。

3.     Teams must then choose to work on either the A or B problem.

比赛队伍可以从AB两个题目中选择一个进行解答。

4.     The contest runs between 3:01 p.m. EST Friday, November 4th and 8:00 p.m. EST on Monday, November 21, 2016.

比赛时间开始于2016114号周五下午3点到1121号周一下午八点结束。

5.     Each team will decide on a consecutive 36-hour period between November 4 - November 21 to work on the contest. For example, the contest for your team could be from 8:00 a.m. on Tuesday, November 8 until 8:00 p.m. on Wednesday, November 9. Your teams' contest ends upon completion of the 36-hour period.

每个参赛队可以在114号到1121号期间选择一个连续的36小时进行答题。例如,你的队伍比赛时间118号周二早上八点开始,到119号周三下午八点结束。你的队伍比赛要在36个小时内完成。

6.     Faculty advisors must ensure that no alterations of any form are made after the end of your 36-hour period or after 8:00 p.m. EST Monday November 21, 2016. Papers must be collected from students at this time to be email to COMAP for judging.

实际负责人必须确保论文在36个小时的比赛时间结束后或者在美国东部时间20161121日星期一下午八点的比赛时间结束后不能被修改。

7.     All contest forms must be printed, signed, emailed and received at COMAP no later than 5:00 p.m. EST Friday, December 2, 2016

所有的比赛形式都必须是签字,规范的并且不晚于2016122号周五下午5点被COMAP接收。

8.     A signed Parental/Guardian Authorization form must be included for each participating student. Schools should email the signed forms to COMAP, and retain a copy of each for their records.

参赛学生必须有家长或者监护人的签名,学校应该把签名发给COMAP,并且保留一份作为记录。

9.     All accommodations relative to learning conditions for individual students would follow the accommodations used as part of the local school program in an affected student's daily learning. If specialized staff is required, the school bears the responsibility for providing any specialized assistance as required by law. If such accommodations are required for a student participating, the school should detail them and the extent to which they were utilized as part of the HiMCM activities.

所有与学生个人学习条件相关的住宿、饮食等条件都应该被看作是本地学校日常学习流程的一部分。如果需要专门的人员去处理,学校有责任提供比赛规则允许的辅助。如果这些条件是学生参加比赛所必需的,学校应该将它细化,详细说明他们在何种程度上被用作HiMCM活动的一部分。

Before the contest registration deadline of 2:00 p.m. (EST) on Friday, November 4, 2016:

注册时间截止于美国东部时间2016114号周五下午两点。

Register Your Team(s) Online:

在线上进行参赛队伍注册:
The registration process will take you through a series of screens that ask you for your email address and contact information. Enter the required information as you step through the screens.

注册过程将会通过一系列的界面来完成,需要你填写Email地址和联系信息,输入所要求的信息你就可以通过这些步骤。

Important: Be sure to use a valid current email address so that we can use it to contact you at any point before, during, or after the contest, if necessary.

重点:确保输入正确的正在使用的Email地址,以便我们在比赛前中后都可以联系到你。

1.     All teams must be registered before 2:00 p.m. (EST) Friday, November 4, 2016.

所有的参赛队伍的注册必须在美国东部时间2016114号周五下午两点之前完成。
At that time the registration system will stop accepting new team registrations. To guard against the possibility of interruptions in Internet service we recommend that all teams compete the registration process well in advance of the deadline. COMAP will not accept any late registrations under any circumstances. No exceptions will be made.

在截止时间,注册系统将会关闭,为了防止注册过程中网络服务中断,建议所有参赛队提前完成注册的流程。COMAP不解释任何迟到的注册申请,没有例外情况被接受。

2.     Registration is via the contest web site. No other forms of registration will be accepted.

注册必须通过竞赛网站完成,没有其他的注册方式。
To register a team, click the Registration link on the left side of this page. If you have already registered a team for this year's contest and want to register additional teams, email us at himcm@comap.com.

 为了注册参赛队,点击页面左侧的 Registration链接,如果你已经注册了一个参加今年比赛的参赛队,并且请注册另外一个,请给我们发Email,地址是himcm@comap.com.
After each team is registered, you will receive an email confirmation. You must follow the link in the email to complete the registration process for each team.

在队伍注册完成后,你将会收到一个Email确认信,你必须点击email中的链接完成注册流程。

Advisors may register any number of teams, but must use the same email address and password for all teams.

指导老师可以注册任意数目的参赛队,这些队伍必须使用同样的Email地址和密码。

3.     You may specify the team members at the time of registration, or as you enter your Control Sheet information at the end of the contest. Team members may be changed up until the beginning of the contest period. Once the contest problems are read, team members cannot be changed. The spelling of all names and institutions is the responsibility of the advisor. This is exactly as they will appear on certificates. COMAP will not reprint certificates.

在注册的时候你需要填写团队成员的信息,在比赛结束之后,在控制也上也需要队员信息,在你选择的比赛周期开始之前都可以更换队员,一旦获取到了赛题,就不能更换队员了。所有队员和学校名称的拼写由指导老师辅助,这个非常重要,因为这些信息会出现在证书上,COMAP不会重新打印证书。

4.     Once you have completed the registration, you will receive a Team Control Number.

一旦你完成注册,你会收到一个队伍的控制号。

5.     The screen giving your team control number is the only confirmation that you will receive indicating that you have successfully registered that team.

显示屏给你反馈的唯一信息就是控制号,收到控制号就表明你注册成功了。

6.     In order to participate in the contest, you will need to return to the contest website to confirm information about your team, and to print out the Control Sheet and Parental/Guardian Authorization Form that you will need to print and email to COMAP.

为了参加比赛,你需要在注册完成后返回竞赛网站来确认你的队伍信息,打印控制号、家长或者监护人的签字表,这些是要打印用Email发给COMAP的。

7.     If at any point before or during the contest you need to change any of the information that you specified when you registered, you may do so by logging in to the contest website with the email address and password that you specified when registering. Once logged in click the Register/Update button and proceed.

如果在赛前或赛中你想修改报名注册时填写的信息,你需要使用在注册时填写的Email地址和密码登录竞赛网站完成,登录可以通过点击Register/Update完成。

8.     Return to the contest website regularly to check for any updated instructions or announcements regarding the contest. Except in extreme circumstances, COMAP will not send any confirmation, reminders, or announcements by email. All communication regarding the contest will be via the contest website.

经常返回竞赛网站,检查是否有关于比赛的帮助的更新,是否有新的通知或者声明。除非特殊情况COMAP不会通过Email发送任何的确认信息、提醒或者通知等,所有的联系都是通过网站完成。

Preparing a Team

准备一个队伍

1.     Go to the HiMCM web site and review the rules, guidelines and prior years' problems to prepare your students.

HiMCM 网站查询比赛规则, 指南和往年的赛题, 帮助你的学生准备比赛。

2.     Ensure that students have access to computers that enable them to word process, use a spreadsheet, and dynamically model both graphs and geometric relationships. In addition, students should have access to graphing calculators.

确保学生会使用计算机来完成文字处理工作,使用电子表格,会使用与图形和几何相联系的动态模型。此外,学生应该会使用图形计算器。

3.     It is both legitimate and desirable to coach or otherwise prepare your team(s). Visit www.mathmodels.org to view previous years' problems and solutions.

一个合格的有进取心的指导老师应该经常访问官方网站www.mathmodels.org去看往年的赛题或者答案

4.     All parents of students participating in the contest must sign a Parental/Guardian Authorization Form making their child's work available (with confidentiality assurance) for use in example and training materials for HiMCM professional development activities. Additionally, should their team be designated as an Outstanding winner, the student's Solution Paper (or solution abstract) will be published in COMAP's Consortium newsletter, among other places. THIS AUTHORIZATION FORM MUST BEDOWNLOADED FROM THE INTERNET AND SENT HOME WITH EACH STUDENT BEFORE THE CONTEST PERIOD. SIGNED AUTHORIZATION FORMS FOR EACH STUDENT MUST BE EMAILED AND INCLUDED WITH SOLUTION FOMRS FOR CONSIDERATION BY THE JUDGES.

所有参加比赛的学生的家长必须签署家长/监护人的授权书,确保他们孩子的工作成果可以做为 HiMCM 的一些活动的实例或者培训材料使用。此外,获得特等奖的参赛队的论文(或者摘要)将会在 COMAP 公司的通讯或其他地方出版。这个授权书必须被每个学生从互联网上下载,并带回家。签过字的授权书需要包含在解决方案的文件里面。

Preparing a Solution Paper

准备一篇解决方案

1.     The contest problems will become available at 3:01 pm EST on Friday, November 4, 2016. When teams are ready to compete the team advisor must login to view the problems. Once logged in look for the *VIEW PROBLEMS* link which will become active at 3:01 pm EST on Friday, November 4, 2016. Once you login and view the problems we recommend that you print out a copy for your students.

比赛赛题将在美国东部时间 2016 11 4 日星期五下午 3 01 分发布。当参赛队准备好以后,指导教师可以登录网站获取赛题。美国东部时间2016 11 4 日星期五下午 301 分,登录后的*VIEW PROBLEMS*链接将会被激活。一旦指导教师登录获取到赛题,请给你的学生打印一份。

2.     The contest consists of a choice of two problems A or B.

比赛可以从 AB 两个题目中任选其一作答。

3.     Teams may use any inanimate source of data, materials, computers, software, references, websites, books, etc. Be sure to credit all sources used.

可以使用任何无生命的资源,例如数据、资料、计算机、软件、文献、网站、书籍等。所有使用的资源需要注明引用。

4.     Teams may not use any person (other than team members) to discuss or obtain ideas for solving their problem nor may they seek help in obtaining an answer from the teams' advisor or anyone else. Any team that discusses the problem with anyone in a position to supply them with information reflecting experience or professional expertise will be disqualified. The relevant issue is one of intent: each team of students is expected to develop all of its substantive analysis without the help of others.

参赛队员不能与任何人(除了本队队员以外)讨论或者获取解题思路。也不能从本队的指导教师或者其他人那里寻求解决问题的帮助。 任何队被发现与其他人讨论了赛题或者给其他人提供有价值的信息的, 都将被取消比赛资格。相关的要求来自与这样一个目的:每一个队的学生都应该在没有其他人帮助的情况下来完善自己对于问题的分析。

5.     Partial solutions are acceptable. There is no passing or failing cutoff score, nor will numerical scores be assigned. The HiMCM judges are primarily interested in a teams' approach and methods.

部分解决方案是可以被接受的。没有通过和不通过的分数线,也不会提供数字形式的分数,HiMCM 的评委会对某些队伍的解题步骤和方法更感兴趣而已。

6.     Papers must be typed and in English.

论文必须使用英文撰写。

7.     The solution must consist entirely of written text and possibly figures, charts, or other written material, on paper only. No non paper support such as computer disks will be accepted.

解决方案必须以纸质的形式提供,包括书写的文字,图形,表格和其他书面材料。非纸质的形式不被接受,例如计算机磁盘。

8.     Each page of the solution must contain the team control number and the page number at the top of the page;we suggest using a page header on each page for example: Team # 321 page 6 of 13.

论文的每一页顶部必须加入队伍的控制编号和页码。 我们建议在每页的顶部加入一个页眉。形式例如: Team # 321 page 6 of 13

9.     The names of the students, advisor, or institution must not appear on any page of the solution. The solution must not contain any identifying information other than the team Control Number.

学生、指导教师或者学校的名字不能出现在论文的任何地方。除了参赛队的控制号以外,解决方案上不能包含任何能够标明身份的信息。

10.  Any preparation rule not followed is grounds for disqualification.

任何不遵守以上规则的队伍,将被取消比赛资格。

11.  Teams should keep in mind the following guidelines while preparing their solution papers:

参赛队在准备他们的解决方案论文的时候要牢记下面的规则:

  • Conciseness and organization are extremely important. Key statements      should present major ideas and results.

  • 论文简洁、 有组织是非常重要。 核心的陈述应该提出主要的思路和结果。

  • Present a clarification or restatement of the problem as appropriate.

  • 给出一个比较合适的问题的概括或重述。

  • Present a clear exposition of all variables, assumptions, and      hypotheses.

  • 对所有的变量、假设、假说给出一个清晰的阐述。

  • Present an analysis of the problem, motivating or justifying the      modeling to be used.

  • 给出问题的分析、模型的构建和证明。

  • Include a design of the model. Discuss how the model could be tested.

  • 应该包括模型的设计。并且讨论如何进行模型测试。

  • Discuss any apparent strengths or weaknesses to your model or      approach.

  • 论述你的模型和方法的优缺点

  • Incorporate lengthy derivations, computations, or illustrative      examples in appendices. Summarize these in the main report. Results must      be explicitly stated in the body of the report. 

  • 将冗长的推导、计算或者实例放在附录当中,把对于它们的总结性文字放在主报告中。结论必须在报告的主体部分明确给出。

During the contest the advisor should:

在比赛期间,指导教师应该做到:

1.     Login to the contest website and enter your email address and password.

通过输入你的 Email 地址和密码登录竞赛网站。

2.     Enter the team members names and confirm that they are spelled correctly.

输入参赛队员的姓名,并确保拼写正确。

3.     Specify the problem that each team has chosen to solve.

选择参赛队要解决的赛题。

4.     Print one copy of the Control Sheet.

打印一份控制页。

5.     Be sure to download the Parental/Guardian Authorization form.

确保下载了家长或者监护人签名表格。

Preparing and Submitting a Solution Paper

准备提交解决方案

1.     The Summary Sheet

摘要页
Type a summary of the teams solution on the Summary Sheet which should be included as the first page of your electronic Solution Paper.
The summary is a very important part of your HiMCM paper. The judges place considerable weight on the summary, and winning papers are sometimes distinguished from other papers based on the quality of the summary. To write a good summary, imagine that a reader may choose whether to read the body of the paper based on your summary. Thus, a summary should clearly describe your approach to the problem and, most prominently, what your most important conclusions were. The summary should inspire a reader to learn the details of your work. Your concise presentation of the summary should inspire a reader to learn the details of your work. Summaries that are mere restatements of the contest problem, or are a cut-and-paste boilerplate from the Introduction are generally considered to be weak.

将参赛队的论文摘要打印在摘要页上,并制作一份拷贝。摘要是你的HiMCM 论文中非常重要的部分,评审中它占有很大的权重。有的时候,获奖论文区别于其它论文的关键就在于摘要的质量。要写好摘要部分,设想读者要通过摘要决定是否要阅读论文的其他部分。因此,一个摘要应该清楚的描述你解决问题的方法,最重要的是,你的主要结论。摘要应该能够激发读者来了解你的工作细节。 简明扼要的摘要能够激发读者了解你的工作的细节。摘要不要只是简单的重述比赛问题,不要简单地剪切粘贴你的前言的模版,这种摘要不会得到高的评价。

2.     Teams must end all work on the Solution Paper at the end of the team's consecutive 36-hour period, or by 8:00 p.m. EST on Monday November 21, 2016.

参赛队必须在一个连续的 36 小时的周期内或者美国东部时间 2016 1121日星期一下午 8 时截止时间内完成比赛论文。

3.     Send electronic copy of Solution Paper by email:

通过Email发送电子版解决方案论文

3-1. Each team is required to submit an electronic copy of its solution paper by email tosolutions@comap.com. Any team member or the advisor may submit this email.

每个参赛队都需要发送一个参赛论文的电子版到 solutions@comap.com。任何参赛队员或者指导教师都可以发送这个邮件。

a.     Your email MUST be received at COMAP on or before the email submission deadline of 9PM EST on November 21, 2016.

你的Email 必须在美国东部时间 2016 11 21 日下午9时之前发送到 COMAP

b.     Failure by a team to submit a solution via email by 9PM EST on November 21, 2016 constitutes a violation of the contest rules and will result in that team's disqualification.

在美国东部时间 2016 11 21 日下午 9点之前没有将论文发送到 COMAP 的参赛队将被认定为违反比赛规则,将被取消比赛成绩。

3-2. In the subject line of your email write: COMAP and your team's control number. For example: COMAP 2222

Email 邮件的主题栏需要填写:COMAP 和你们参赛队的控制号 例如:主题:COMAP 2222

3-3. Use your team's control number as the name of your file attachment.

用你的控制号做为你的附件文件的文件名。

3-4. COMAP will accept only an Adobe PDF or Microsoft Word file of your solution. DO NOT include programs or software with your email as they will not be used in the judging process. Limit one solution per email. The names of the students, advisor, or institution should NOT appear on any page of the electronic solution. Page 1 of the teams electronic solution should be the team summary. *Note: The attachment must be less than 17MB. Do not use a cloud service such as Google Docs

COMAP 只接收 PDF 格式和 word 格式的解决方案。 Email 中不用发送程序或者软件, 这些在评审中不会用到。 每个 Email 邮件限制发送一个解决方案。学生、指导教师或者学校的名字不能出现在电子版论文的任何一页上。电子版论文的第一页应该是参赛队的摘要页。注:附件不能超过 17MB。不要使用云服务,例如谷歌云服务,你的邮件里必须包含PDF或者word附件。

4.     Have each student sign the Control Sheet, pledging that they have abided by the contest rules and instructions.

每个学生都应该在控制页上签字,保证他们遵守了竞赛规则和要求。

To Summarize:

总结:

a. Restatement Clarification of the Problem - state in your own words what you are going to do. Assumptions with Rationale/Justification - emphasize those assumptions that bear on the problem. List clearly all variables used in your model.

用自己的话重述问题。合理的假设,并且强调这些假设在解决问中的作用,列出所有在模型中使用的变量。
Model Design and justification for type model used/developed.

应用某一类型模型或者模型设计的理由
Model Testing and Sensitivity Analysis, including error analysis, etc.

模型检验和灵敏度分析,包括误差分析等。
Discuss strengths and weakness to your model or approach.

讨论模型或者方法的优缺点。
Provide algorithms in words, figures, or flow charts (as a step by step algorithmic approach) for all computer codes developed.

用文字、图形或者流程图(一步一步的算法步骤)的方式提出解决问题的算法。

b. Send electronic copy of Solution Paper by email: See #3 above for more details. 
(Note you are no longer required to mail a print copy of your Solution Paper.) 

关于如何发送电子版的论文请参见上面的#3(注意:你不在需要邮寄一份打印的问题解决方案报告)

c. Make one copy of the teams Control Sheet.

制作一个参赛队的控制页。

c.     Collect the signed Parental/Guardian Authorization forms

.收集家长或者监护人的签字说明。

5.     Send signed contest forms by email to COMAP:

email把签过字的比赛格式论文发到COMAP
After the signed contest forms are prepared, email them to: forms@comap.com. In the subject line of your email write: COMAP and your team's control number. For example: COMAP 2222. COMAP will accept only an Adobe PDF or a Photo Image of your contest forms. Limit one set of forms per email. Teams may take pictures of the signed forms with a phone or digital camera and then email the images to forms@comap.com. *Note: The attachment must be less than 17MB.
(Note you are no longer required to mail a print copy of your Contest Forms.) 

在准备好签字后的形式之后,用email将他们发送到forms@comap.com.邮件主题为:COMAP和你队伍的控制号。例如COMAP 2222COMAP只接受PDF或者图片格式的你队伍的竞赛形式。每个邮箱地址只能发送一次,队伍可以用手机或者相机拍签字表。然后将他们发送到 forms@comap.com主意:附件必须不能超过17M(你不在需要邮寄一份打印的竞赛签字表)
The contest forms must be received by COMAP no later than 5:00 pm EST on Friday, December 2, 2016. COMAP is not responsible for contest forms received after that date.

竞赛签字表必须在美国东部时间122号周五下午5点之前被COMAP收到。COMAP将不会接收在那之后的材料。

HiMCM Results and Recognition

HiMCM 的结果和奖励

1.     Judging will be completed in January, 2017. The solutions will be recognized as Successful Participant, Honorable Mention, Meritorious, Finalist, National Finalist, or Outstanding. Advisors and teams will be notified of the results in February, 2017 and they will be posted on the high school contest website. News releases will be prepared for local and national dissemination and there will be announcements in professional publications

评审将在 2017 1 月完成。论文将被评定为成功参赛奖、荣誉奖、优秀奖、入围奖、国家级入围奖或者杰出奖。指导教师和队员将会在 2017 2月得到比赛结果。结果将在竞赛网站上公布。新闻将在地区和国家类的媒体中出现,在一些专业性刊物上也会出现声明。.

2.     Every team that submits a properly outlined Solution Paper will be awarded a certificate of participation. All international teams will receive ONLY an electronic (PDF) certificate. US teams should allow several weeks after the results are posted to the contest web site to receive your print certificate. Click here to download HiMCM certificates.

每个正确提交解决方案论文的参赛队都将获得证书。所有的国际参赛队将只能得到一份电子版证书,美国的参赛队在结果公布几周后会收到纸质证书。HiMCM 证书的下载可以点击这个链接

3.     All USA teams that successfully compete in the HiMCM contest and are awarded a designation of Meritorious or above (Meritorious, Finalist, National Finalist, or Outstanding) will be invited to compete in The International Mathematical Modeling Challenge, IM2C which will take place March, 2017 through April, 2017. For more information about the International Mathematical Modeling Challenge click here.

所有美国的成功参赛队伍都会获得上述奖项(优秀奖、入围奖、国家级入围奖或者杰出奖)将会被邀请参加国际数学建模挑战赛,IM2C将会在2017年三月到四月之间举行。关于IM2C的详细信息可以点击这个链接。

4.     Outstanding teams will have their Solution P将会apers (or their solution abstracts) published in COMAP's Consortium newsletter among other places. Recognition information will also be sent to local newspapers and radio/television outlets.

 

杰出奖的论文将会刊登在 COMAP公司和其他机构的通讯上。确认信息将会发布在本地的报纸、广播和电视上。

 



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